Since the beginning of physics, one goal was to unite all forces of Nature and link general relativity and quantum theory. Quantum gravity theories suffer from weak quantum Physics theory. This has given some questionable hypotheses (like the many-worlds theory) more respectability than they may have deserved. The huge gap between gravity and quantum physics is not something that can be left unaffected. Although the Standard (Big Bang), was established in 1905, it has undergone many revisions. The ultimate causes of plate movement and internal structure, as well as black holes, are important topics in geophysics.
These problems can be solved using general relativity. Or, in other words, an optical equivalent. It has been well established that relativistic reflection of light through a body with mass is mathematically equivalent to the refraction in an optical medium with a density gradient. This correlation has been used for investigating phenomena such as Gravitational Lensing, or in microchip-based modeling, the photospheres of black holes. Many people believe spacetime, which is an analogy to optical time, could be a physical medium.
How does an optical time integrate general relativity and quantum physics into one coherent whole? Quantum gravity is composed of a hypothetical particle called “graviton”, which is exchanged between mass. If they do exist, the cosmic media would include gravitons flowing between the masses of the visible universe. To be an optical medium, gravitons need to share some properties with photons. Gravitons could also act as a medium for quantum-physics messages.
Particles can be thought of as reprocessing facilities that are used to process gravitons. This involves combining multiple streams of data from distant sources to create coherent outgoing streams. Gravitons carry information about their origins, such as velocity and polarization. For general relativity to work, the energy within the graviton channels connecting two particles must equal their respective gravitational pot energies.
The stage for optical gravitation is now. Refracting all waves can be done in this graviton spacetime. Abraham’s theory of optical momentum holds photons can be converted into gravitons or other waves, transferring energy and momentum to spacetime frames that are connected to all visible universe masses.
The cosmic index of refraction is calculated using the optical-mechanical analogy. It turns out that all waves lose fractionally energy and momentum, even gravitons. This is according to the Hubble constant (H0) or 2 x 10-18 sec-1. This allows us the calculation of the absorption ratio of matter-gravitons. Also, the Newtonian Force can be calculated and the value for G can also be determined.
The impact optical gravity might have on geophysics as well as astrophysics. Figure 1 illustrates gravity also being exchanged directly between C, A, and B (Graybar). These gravitons also exchange energy with C if A or A is very near (gray line). As with all waves, they will lose energy through refraction within a cosmic medium. This causes FH, a smaller Hubble Force of Repulsion (smaller white Arrows) to occur. This force is tiny for two atoms in comparison to the many distant graviton Impulses. Thus, gravity easily wins.
Hubble forces are magnified when dense objects, like stars, black holes, planets, or planets, have high internal gravitational energy potential energies, known as U. These objects have an intrinsic Hubble luminosity, LH =UH0. It suggested that deep-mantle plumes fuelled by this energy might transport high-density material from the core to the upper. This material would then recrystallize with lower densities. This could cause an increase in Earth’s radius and an expansion in the top mantle.
The Hubble luminosities observed in very dense stars such as white dwarfs and neutron stars appear to closely match their respective bolometric luminosities. These objects could be used to replace the many complicated heating mechanisms. My preliminary research indicates that black holes are actually micro-universes that have their own Hubble constant. This is several orders above H0. Hubble luminosity energies released by black hole seems to be enough to stop their collapsing to create a singularity.
Spacetime expands. But the universe does not expand.
Cosmology is replacing the notion that a universe could explode from a primordial particle by linking the Hubble constant and optical gravity. Instead, the constant processing and recycling of old, redshifted gravitons and photons from particles into better, faster ones creates a permanent mobile universe that which all physical entities are constantly recycled.
But, wait. Spacetime is expanding, as indicated by the Type 1A Supernovae-time dilation. But optical gravity is the reason. Each spacetime package contains gravitons that are continuously redshifted towards longer wavelengths. This means that the spacetime packet itself will grow. The spacetime packet itself will expand as well, causing time dilation.